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  • Justification is the judicial declaration of God that a sinner is perfect on the basis of the righteousness of Jesus Christ. The grounds of justification is both the passive and active obedience of Jesus Christ. We are justified through the means of faith alone.
  • A judicial act of God, in which He declares, on the basis of the righteousness of Jesus Christ, that all the claims of the law are satisfied with respect to the sinner. - Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology
  • An act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in His sight only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone. - Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology
  • The act of God's free grace unto sinners, in which He pardoneth all their sins, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in His sight, not for anything wrought in them, or done by them but only for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them, and received by faith alone. - Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology

Supporting Scriptures:

  • Phil. 3:9 "and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith;" - The righteousness that is imputed to us through faith is a foreign righteousness ("not having my own righteousness").
  • Gal 2:16 "knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified." - Faith alone is the means of justification.
  • 2 Cor. 5:21 - "For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him." - The grounds of our justification is found in the passive obedience of Jesus Christ.